Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few related varieties of apparel originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging, also by each sexes. Much more typically, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans during East India Company rule in India.[eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from fashion. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh men, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other individuals in the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in speaking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London retailers. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was from time to time the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is actually due to the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect generally provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt Click here flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, made to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are several variations in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different products. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas tend to be distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes such as nightgowns, within the US, they've often provided the latter for a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Have got a style of short dress top over shorts or brief pants.
Pajamas may today make reference to Ladies's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became popular in the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.